Asperger's Syndrome (AS) is the highest functioning of the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD's). A person diagnosed with Asperger's may have a higher than average IQ or have an IQ in the gifted range. Many professionals believe AS is a milder form of autism and use the term "high-functioning autism." Individuals with AS do not demonstrate severe impairments in speech and language evident in those with autism. Individuals develop speech like a typical child though it may be hard to follow their talk.

Characteristics of Impairments are in two categories:

1. Social Skills - the individual with AS may desire to socialize with others but has difficulties relating to others, interpreting non-verbal cues, and being able to sustain a conversation. They rarely seem relaxed in social situations and are easily overwhelmed.

2. Repetitive, restrictive and steroptyped behaviors - obsessions, insistence on routine and sameness, and self-stimulatory behaviors, often nicknamed "little professors" for their incredible interest and knowledge in particular subjects. An individual with AS may zoom into a subject such as trains or dinosaurs and that is all they want to talk about.